Motion Science

Level II * Mental Attributes



Like accuracy in any sport, accuracy in martial arts is hitting the target. It should first be said that high repetition of the specific movement in practice is the key to achieving consistent accuracy. Of course, timing of the movement is of utmost importance, but this is covered in step 10 of Motion Science. Therefore, we will discuss the other main aspect of accuracy, which is angle.

There are three aspects of angle related to accuracy.

Target access--starting from the correct place
Angle of entry-- moving on the correct angle
Angle of mass--correct body alignment

Target Access

Target access is striking the intended target while avoiding the parts of the opponent's body you don't intend to hit. One way this is done is by putting your body in the correct starting position relative to the opponent. As an example, if an opponent's arms are in the way, an off angle strike (or arched movement) must be made. Changing your body angle in relation to the opponent will be necessary to get into the correct starting position for the strike. This will give you target access. Another way to gain target access is to fake to open the intended striking angle. If the fake works, the arms or obstacles will move (in contrast to moving yourself) , which will allow target access.

Angle of Entry

Angle of entry is the angle on which the target is hit. The strike should hit the target on an angle perpendicular to the target. If the target is hit at an obscure angle, the force of the strike will only partially be spent in the target. The rest of the force will be wasted.

Angle of Mass

Angle of Mass refers to the correct alignment and direction of the body mass, including the correct alignment of the weapon. Generally speaking, the body moves in the same direction as the strike. This aspect of accuracy deals with the accuracy of the alignment which will enhance the effectiveness of the strike.


Therefore, correct accuracy must start from the correct position for target access and then must hit the intended target at a perpendicular angle. Finally, the alignment of the body mass and weapon must be correct. If all three of these factors are present, the greatest accuracy will be achieved.

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